Gambling is a widespread activity that involves wagering something of value on an event whose outcome is determined by chance, such as the roll of a dice or the flip of a coin. Some forms of gambling are illegal, but others are legal and legitimate, including horse racing, lotteries, and casino gaming. While the majority of adults and adolescents who place a bet do so without problems, a small percentage of people develop pathological gambling disorder, which is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) as a persistent, recurrent pattern of maladaptive gambling behaviors that cause significant distress or impairment.
Almost every type of game, device, or other product can be considered a form of gambling, from arcade games to lottery tickets. However, the vast majority of gambling occurs with currency, money, or other goods that have a monetary value, such as chips in poker, cards in bridge, or tokens in Magic: The Gathering. Some gambling activities are conducted with non-monetary items, such as marbles, collectible game pieces, and Pogs or stickers.
Problem gambling has been associated with a number of different factors, including recreational interest, reduced mathematical skills, impaired judgment, poor financial management, and psychological distortions. Understanding these factors and identifying the risk factors involved can help us create more effective treatments for this complex problem.
Research suggests that cognitive-behavior therapy is an effective treatment for problem gambling, especially when paired with family and individual psychotherapy. In addition to teaching gamblers how to identify and resist unhealthy thoughts and habits, this approach can teach them more about the causes of their difficulties and address any co-occurring conditions, such as depression or anxiety. Moreover, it can help them learn healthier ways to relieve unpleasant feelings and boredom, such as exercising, spending time with friends who don’t gamble, or practicing relaxation techniques.
It can be challenging to realize that one has a gambling problem, especially if it’s been going on for a long time and has resulted in serious harm, such as financial ruin, debt, or broken relationships. Even so, there are many services that provide support, assistance, and counseling to people who suffer from gambling problems.
It can also be difficult to cope with a loved one who has a gambling addiction. If your spouse or partner is a problem gambler, it can feel like an endless battle to persuade them to seek treatment. In addition, some individuals with a gambling problem may try to hide their behavior or lie about it, which can further complicate matters. However, there are ways to cope and get help, such as marriage or family therapy, credit counseling, and support groups. By taking these steps, you can begin to rebuild your life. Find a therapist who specializes in gambling disorders and addictions using the world’s largest online therapy service. Get matched with a professional, licensed, and vetted therapist in as little as 48 hours. Start by answering a few simple questions.